The fight against fascism is carried out by the partisans. Unable to find them, the black shirts, threaten their families, their friends, accused of being accomplices of the partisans. But these people are ready to die rather than betray those who struggle for liberation from fascism.
In this way, Bertolucci pays tribute to all the innocent victims of fascism, showing the superiority of these humble persons ready to die to defend the value of freedom.
They are fearless because they know they will not die in vain