ROBERTO ROSSELLINI ( 1945 )
It ‘s a film that mixes fiction with historical narration, offering a model for the development of neorealist style.
It is one of the first films that uses people transforming them into actors.
It is one of the first films that introduces the idea of reality vs fiction
ROME OPEN CITY. A clear division: good VS evil
“For Amidei* the truth meant a film that showed the evil and corruption of the Nazis (Fascism was hardly alluding), the goodness and heroism of the Romans, to what extent the citizens had suffered in the name of law and justice and how therefore the victory of the people was inevitable. Every event and every individual had to have some correspondence with real events and people, but there was also a melodramatic component located at the heart of the conflict between good and evil, dear to Amidei. His characters were stereotyped: the fat priest is always good; the hero always heroic; the sadistic Nazis always evil; the lesbian addict, who plunges into perfidy, provoking the hero’s tragedy; the innocent mother, who suffers and dies; the kid made orphaned. The evil is concentrated on one side, as well as the good on the opposite: the torturers, the sexual ‘perversions’, the drug addicts, the drunkards, the traitors […] .The stereotypes of patriotism, of Christianity, of solidarity, of populism, of morality and of existentialism were opposed to those of eternal damnation. ” ( Tag Gallagher, The Adventures of Roberto Rossellini. His Life and Films, Da Capo Press, New York 1998.)
*[screenwriter and producer of Rome Open City]
Related topic: Italian resistance movement ( Wikipedia )